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Environmental Policy Institute Research

October 1, 2010 – September 30, 2012

Title:  Massie Chair

 

Researchers are developing and using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to study thermal hydraulic flow in specific nuclear engineering cooling applications.


September 8, 2006 – June 30, 2007

Title: Transportation of Radioactive Materials

 

Conduct applied research on containerization requirements as the basis for collecting empirical data on the specifications for the next generation of containers for national/international transport of radiological sources. Containers must be suitable for shipping, storage, and disposal of commercial and government radiation sources.


To analyze the management of vehicles at various NNSA national laboratories and production plants and make recommendations in regard to fleet size, vehicle category definitions, utilization standards, alternative methods of  transportation and alternative fuel. The study is divided into four areas as described below:

The research will be used to determine the impact and the extent of existing orphaned and disused sources in South Carolina and the potential increase in these sources as a result of closure of the state’s low level radioactive disposal facility.


  • Research and examine current regulations
  • Research and examine specifications
  • Research and examine the current design
  • Make recommendations regarding the above three tasks.

August 1, 2007 – December 31, 2008

Title:    Research/Radioactive Sources in South Carolina.


Provide an account of radioactive sources in South Carolina as described in the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), “Code of Conduct for the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources”.  Research included the following:


  • Where radioactive sources are going?
  • Where radioactive sources are from?
  • How are radioactive sources shipped?

 

March 2, 2009 – April 23, 2010

Title:  Research/Evaluation of Radioisotope Sources in South Carolina”. 


Research and provide an evaluation of radioisotope sources in South Carolina as described in the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) “Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material”. Research included the following:


  • What are the sources of radioisotopes?

-     Where are the sources of radioisotopes coming from?
-     Where are the sources of radioisotopes going?

  • How are the sources of radioisotopes transported?
  • How are the sources of radioisotopes protected during transport?
  • What are the requirements for the safety and security of the sources of radioisotopes during transport?
  • What are the emergency response requirements for the sources or radioisotopes during transport?

July 1, 2011 – June 30, 2012

Title:   South Carolina’s Role in the Management and Security of (Radioactive) Orphan and Disused Sources. 


Conduct applied research and analysis on:


  • The percentage of orphaned sources in the following categories: medical, industrial, academic, and consumer commodities.
  • The highest category of orphan sources (i.e. medical, industrial)
  • Disposal options of orphaned sources, since the proper disposal of orphaned sources in a dedicated area is the major problem associated with orphaned sources recovery.
  • Conduct a statewide and/or national collaboration with stakeholders in regulatory, medical, academic and industrial arenas. In addition, those who are regulated would be involved in the collaboration and will be placed into the following categories: disposal, generators, licensees, and transporters.

 

July 15, 2007 – December 31, 2008

Title:   National Nuclear Security Administration Fleet Study.

 


  • Develop a model that specifies the number of vehicles (programmatic support and passenger carriers) required in order for a site to accomplish its mission.
  • Develop standardized vehicle category definitions after reviewing each NNSA site’s

       existing FAST definitions and how they are applied.

  • Compare each site’s current vehicle utilization standards with the federally mandated or approved utilization standards.
  • Provide recommendations for alternative methods for transporting personnel and goods for areas other than mission related activities (i.e. safeguard & security).

December 1, 2008 – May 31, 2010

Title:   Research/Evaluate and Develop Recommendations to Improve Information Dissemination to the Public during a Hazardous Waste Accident in Central Savannah River Area (CSRA). 

 


To evaluate and provide recommendations about the current information dissemination warning system used by Emergency Management and First Responder and conditions for their suitability as a disaster warning system.

 


Identify and evaluate the current communication and community tools, methods and processes in use by Emergency Management personnel and First   Responders in the Central Savannah River Area.

            - How reliable are the current warning technologies?
- How effective are the current warning technologies?
- What is the contribution of training to an effective warning response?
- What is the contribution of the organizational development of a  
town/village to an effective warning response?
- To what degree is the current warning method integrated into the daily life
of residents?

 

 

 

August 15, 2011 – August 14, 2012

Title:   Assessing the Viability of Nuclear Power Generation in South Carolina.
The objective of this research is twofold.


  • Provide a thorough assessment of the existing nuclear power facilities across South Carolina. This will include a review of the benefits and costs. This needs to be fully explored to truly understand the economic impact that each facility provides to the local community as well as the State as a whole.
  • Investigate the viability of new facilities in terms of community sustainability and growth, infrastructure, supply chain requirements, and emergency preparedness and evacuation issues.

 

October 1, 2011 – August 31, 2012

Title:   Developing Emergency Evacuation Plans for Nuclear Power Plants Based on Large-
Scale Transportation Network Simulation


This research is to develop a decision support tool to help design optimal and realistic plans for emergency evacuations necessitated by potential nuclear power plant accidents, so that the undesirable consequences caused by the potential accidents can be minimized. This tool can be used by nuclear regulatory agencies to assess the risk for residents within a certain distance of nuclear power plants under various accident scenarios, and to find out how efficient different evacuation plans can be. A case study will be conducted to demonstrate the effectiveness of the developed decision support tool. This tool can also be of use to local transportation and emergency response authorities for developing emergency response plans in response to other natural or man-made disasters.